Understanding the 4 Stages of Group Development. In 1965, a psychologist named Bruce Tuckman identified a 4 stage model of group development. The 4 stages that were identified are:
The first stage is Forming, and the primary focus in this stage is on the people. This includes defining roles, building relationships, creating structure and developing group norms.
As time goes on, conflicts eventually arise and teams transition into the Storming stage. This is when frustration and disagreements about roles, goals, and responsibilities begin to surface.
During the Norming stage, team members resolve their differences and begin to shift their energy toward the team’s goals. Members start to feel like they are part of a team and can take pleasure from the increased group cohesion.
In the Performing stage, processes, structures, and relationships work without friction and the team makes significant progress towards its goals.